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Use CSS To truncate a string with an ellipsis

My expertise in UI programming is creating reusable components, but less so on the design side of things. Every once in while I discover something interesting about CSS that I feel is worth sharing. Today I'll show you how to truncate a string with an ellipsis, magically.

First, let's create a few H1:


<h1>First Item</h1>
<h1>Second Item</h1>

The truncating will work on any HTML element, I just chose H1 for easy code. How add some CSS:


h1 {
width: 150px;
overflow: hidden;
white-space: nowrap;
text-overflow: ellipsis;
}

First add a specific width. Then hide the overflow with overflow and prevent word wraps with white-space. Finally, specify the text-overflow to value ellipsis. This will force the text to truncate if it gets too long:

Play with the code over here.

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